Dato’ Dr Mohd Sham bin Mohd Sani was born on 25th March 1943 in Dengkil, Selangor. He obtained his secondary education at Sekolah Datuk Abdul Razak (SDAR), before moving on to the University of Canterbury, New Zealand from 1964 to 1969 under a Colombo Plan scholarship. In New Zealand, he pursued an arts degree. Later, at the end of 1977 under the sponsorship of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, he earned his doctorate in Geography. Dato’ Sham Sani began his academic career when he was appointed Assistant Lecturer at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia in 1970. In 1973, he was promoted to the post of Lecturer and was later made Associate Professor in 1978. In 1983 he was appointed Professor.